Starting a career in Web development can Appear to be so Difficult. There are numerous languages and tools to learn; for a newbie, just knowing where to begin might be challenging.

But in reality, it probably won’t be as difficult as you imagine. You may quickly lay the academic groundwork for your future career as a web developer once you have a clear understanding of the skills required.

Are you interested in learning web development? We’re prepared to Assist. Anyone interested in learning more about web development or trying to expand their current skill set should read this Post. It will go through some fundamental terms, specializations in web development, and the tools and Abilities you’ll need to create and maintain websites. To put it Another way, it will guide you through all you need to know to launch your profession.

Let’s get going!

Why Should I Study Web Development?

Short For “Employment Potential.”

A rapidly expanding industry is web development. Jobs for web developers are expected to expand by 8% between 2019 and 2029, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Many web developers work remotely, either as independent contractors or as internal employees for a business. It’s a terrific field for anyone who appreciates opportunities for professional development and learning, to put it briefly.

7 Easy Steps to Learn Web Development

We’ll cover everything you need to know about the fundamentals of Web Development, from high-level design principles to the specifics of how websites operate.

1. Web Development : How Do Websites Operate?

The simplest definition of a website is a collection of files and computer code kept on a server that is linked to the internet. A browser, usually referred to as the client, is what you use to view a website (for example, Chrome, Firefox, or Safari). “Server-client model” is comprised of this pair.

Suppose your friend sends you a link to a humorous video to illustrate how this works in practice. Your web browser, Acting as the client, requests the video website, acting as the server, when you click the link. Your computer receives the file from the website’s server after it has been requested.

The terms “front end” and “back end” are used to describe the client-side and server-side, respectively. Back end web developers concentrate on the server-side development of a website, while front end web developers concentrate on the client-side features of a website. The “whole stack” of development technologies is what full stack developers deal with, and they are experts in both front end and back end technologies.

You can choose which of the three you want to concentrate in during your career by knowing the differences between each. Let’s now discuss how front end, back end, and full stack web development differ from one another.

Read: The Most Visited Websites in Pakistan

What Is Front End Development?

The material you view when interacting with a website is produced by front end developers. This contains graphic components that can run on a client’s workstation, such as menus, buttons, and animations. The three main languages used by front end developers are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. HTML is used to establish the framework of a website and CSS and JavaScript are used to create interactive features.

What Is Back End Development?

Back end developers operate on a website’s server side. This encompasses tasks that users aren’t aware of when using the site, such as managing web servers, working with databases, and employing data analysis. To control a website’s operation, back end developers may also use data-focused technologies like SQL and Python.

What Is a Full Stack Web Developer?

A full stack developer is an expert in the “Full Stack” of technologies used in websites.

Don’t fret if you’re wondering how long it takes to become a full stack developer; it’s simpler than you may think to take on this flexible position. In as short as three to six months, committed IT enthusiasts can acquire skills that are marketable with a full-time bootCamp. Nevertheless, individuals who prefer the thoroughness that a formal degree offers should be ready to devote four or more years to their studies.

A full-stack Developer’s Responsibilities and Tasks

Website-related Duties are Assigned to full stack web developers. Common examples of this include, but are not limited to:

  • Designing the front end of a website
  • knowing how to design for user interface and user experience
  • Documenting technical information
  • creating the architecture of websites
  • putting data security measures in place
  • building databases and servers
  • Cross-platform mobile device optimization is ensured

2. Get the Starter Tools You Need

Basic Computer Specifications 

Any computer that can run Windows, macOS, or Linux is capable of being used to begin web Development. The following are the prerequisites for programming:

  • Full HD monitor or built-in laptop screen, ideally 19201080, with 8GB of RAM.
  • Intel i5/i7 processor, or Apple Silicon processor on latest Macs.

Text Editor

To keep track of all the code you create, you’ll need a text editor. Fortunately, there are several free solutions available to get you started.

Although it is only compatible with Windows, Notepad ++ is a fantastic text editor for novices. Another fantastic choice for Mac, Windows, and Linux is Atom.

Website browsers

A web browser is necessary for coding. You most likely have one already if you’re reading this article. However, downloading multiple browsers enables you to ensure that your site renders correctly across the web, so you should keep a few on hand. You can choose from popular browsers like Chrome, Safari, Microsoft Edge, Firefox, Brave, or Opera.

Local Web Servers

You can test your code on your computer without making any public content available online by setting up a local web server. While the application is being developed, you can test layouts, scripts, and new features.

For instance, the tool XAMPP enables you to run a server on a Mac, Windows, or Linux computer. Another choice for Mac and Windows users only is MAMP.

Editing Graphics

Graphical website elements can be created and edited with the aid of graphics editors. Although the Adobe Creative Suite is the industry standard, its monthly charge may be prohibitive if you’re just starting out in design. GIMP, a free alternative to Adobe Photoshop, and Inkscape are two options (a free version of Adobe Illustrator used for creating vector graphics).

3. Learn front end Development’s Fundamentals

How a website appears when it loads on the client side is decided by front end developers. All aspects of the website that are visible to users must be created and designed by them. We’ve listed the languages that every aspiring front end developers should be familiar with below.


Web designers and programmers can specify the fundamental organisation and layout of a website using HTML. The arrangement of elements like paragraphs, lists, and images is specified in an HTML file, which is what a browser reads to determine what to display on a device’s screen.

People who are new to coding can get a great start using HTML because it is so approachable. It serves as the starting point for all websites and is an essential component of a web developer’s arsenal. Powerful scripting languages like JavaScript are used by modern websites to create dynamic web content. HTML, despite being a much older technology, is still the foundation of many websites.


HTML elements are displayed differently on screens thanks to Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). You can develop beautiful web pages that look fantastic in all of the main browsers by understanding CSS. You can alter the design, colours, and fonts of a page as well as give page elements effects.

To build and style web pages, HTML and CSS are combined. It offers a lot of depth while still being simple to learn and understand. Learning CSS is essential for anyone trying to build attractive and responsive websites since it allows you a lot of control over how an HTML document is presented to the user.


Another essential element in a front end web developer’s toolbox is JavaScript. According to HackerRank’s 2020 Developer report (PDF, 2.8MB), it’s one of the most widely used languages on the market and the one that recruiting managers most frequently seek.

Along with HTML and CSS, the client-side language JavaScript is used to construct dynamic, responsive Webpages. A developer can take care of every aspect of a website’s design and functionality thanks to its simplicity of learning and incredible versatility. JavaScript is a great introduction to coding because many of the skills required to write it can also be applied to other languages like Python and Java.

Anyone who wants to become a front end or full stack web developer must learn JavaScript. For further details and suggestions on how to learn this important language, see our guide to JavaScript for Novices.

4. Learning Additional Front End Development Tools

Before starting any complicated programming tasks, it’s a good idea to explore prospective sources of support because front end development tools help automate and manage your code writing process.

Package Manager

Libraries and other dependencies, which are commonly referred to as packages, can be installed via package managers and used for front end development. Dependencies are pieces of software from a third party that carry out a task or address an issue. For instance, npm is a package manager that, as the name suggests, aids developers in managing and installing new packages.

Build Tools

Using build tools, various web development processes can be automated. They are helpful for tedious and error-prone procedures like transferring or combining files and altering text strings inside of files. We’ve provided a few suggestions below that budding developers may find helpful.

Gulp is a JavaScript task runner that automates particular development chores. It can be used to preprocess CSS files, optimize pictures, and run a local server. Although it is strong, configuring it takes some work.

A bundler that is often used in JavaScript development is called webpack. It separates your code based on how it’s utilised and makes your application’s code web-friendly. This makes managing and debugging considerably simpler.

While both parcel and webpack are bundlers, parcel takes less setup to get started.

Vesion Control

Version control systems keep track of the changes you make to your code and let you go back to a previous revision if necessary.

You’ll most likely use GitHub once you begin learning about version control. Git is a widely used version control system among leading web development firms. It’s a simple tool that any front end developer can learn to use.

You can save your Git files on GitHub, a Microsoft-owned online storage service, and share them with others. Consider it a social network specifically for programmers and web designers. It’s also a great area for you to promote your work and develop a portfolio. Many big businesses use GitHub to manage version control and code updates for their projects.

Responsive Design

Consider all the gadgets you use on a daily basis, including your laptops, desktops, tablets, and cellphones. Every website you design must work on every device a user might own.

The concept of responsive design holds that websites ought to adapt to a user’s behavior and device. Any device can use responsive websites, which can display on anything from a 32-inch Monitor to a 5.5-inch smartphone. Given that more and more users are accessing the web primarily through their mobile devices, understanding responsive design is essential for contemporary web developers.

JavaScript Frameworks

Frameworks for JavaScript are groups of libraries with ready-made code that may be used for common tasks. You can construct a website more quickly and more effectively by using a framework rather than starting from scratch.

As an illustration, suppose you’re creating a “About Us” webpage for a local company and you want an animation to play anytime a user hovers over a head shot of an employee. Instead of starting from scratch while creating an animation, you can use a framework.

Including CSS, HTML, and JavaScript, Bootstrap is a sizable front-end framework. You want to know more, right? Observe our Bootstrap guide!

React, Vue.js, and AngularJS are some other important JavaScript front end frameworks to look at.

5. Learn WordPress Basics

The software that powers numerous blogs and webpages on the internet today is called WordPress. WordPress is available for free download and usage by anybody, thus being able to utilize it is a crucial skill. Knowing how WordPress functions can be beneficial in the future since you’re likely to use it in the workplace.

Also Read: Top 10 Coding Secrets to Simplify Your Programming Journey

6. Understand the Fundamentals of Back-end Development

Back end development deals with elements and activities that users are not aware of, such as servers, databases, and data processing.

Engaging in Server Work

Back End Developers must to be knowledgeable About managing servers.

A conventional, centralized server is the first category of server. This is a computer that uses Linux or Windows and keeps all of its data in one location. Because they seek more control over how their data is stored and accessed, large corporate companies frequently choose centralized server architecture.

The days of having to buy your own server and put it up in your home are long gone, so you no longer require a central server. You can use the servers of cloud hosting companies like HostGator to run a website.

Nowadays, a lot of businesses use distributed, or serverless, hosting. The back end services for your website are provided by a vendor when using this architecture. A server still exists, but you are not in charge of keeping it up, therefore the term “serverless” is a bit misleading. Popularity of this system can be attributed to its affordability, speed, and ease of scalability.

A large percentage of the current internet’s infrastructure is provided by serverless companies like Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Microsoft Azure. For a back end developer nowadays, being able to work with one of these systems is a vital ability.

So how do you decide whether to employ a serverless design or a centralized server architecture? You must first take into account your unique business and technological requirements. Startup businesses commonly work with serverless vendors because they value the platform’s scalability and ease of implementation. However, for large enterprise websites that consistently support significant compute loads, centralized servers are frequently preferable.

Programming Languages

Additionally, back end developers must to be familiar with a few different programming languages, such as:


Java is a general-purpose programming language that has applications on both the client and the server sides. It has been used for more than 20 years and is regarded as one of the easier languages to learn. Java is an open-source programming language with a sizable developer community and a vast library of information and building tools. Java’s maturity has solidified its reputation as a durable, dependable, and scalable language. It is frequently used by large corporations, so getting some exposure to it now will help you when you start working.


Another well-liked programming language used in back end development is Python. In fact, it is among the most widely used programming languages worldwide. Another excellent language for novices is Python, which is user-friendly, adaptable, and widely used in back-end development, data analysis, and data science. For additional information, see our beginner’s guide to Python!


Node.js enables developers to use JavaScript for back end programming at the most fundamental level. It’s a runtime environment that lets programmers run JavaScript scripts and code on a server to build dynamic web pages. PayPal, Uber, and Microsoft are just a few of the well-known tech organisations that employ Node.js. Knowing Node.js will be extremely useful to you as a professional given how common it is among large tech players.


On a server, PHP is a scripting language. In general, PHP is used to make content requests to a website’s server and display it to users on their computers. For instance, a PHP script can automatically display your three most recent blog entries on the front page of your website. There is no need to reload the page because the postings are kept on the server and called when a person accesses your homepage. Anyone dealing with WordPress websites needs to be familiar with PHP because it powers the custom WordPress themes and plugins.


The mid1990s saw the creation of Ruby, a flexible and all-encompassing language. Due to how quickly you can launch a project with Ruby and how quickly you can use it to prototype applications, it is popular among startups and small businesses. Ruby has a strong development community despite not being as well-known as some of the other back end languages. Beginner developers or anyone who wishes to work in a startup setting should definitely consider it.

Working With Database

When developing the back end, databases are essential. In order to advance as a back end developer, you’ll need to understand how to handle and access data.

SQL is a query language that is well-liked among back end engineers and data scientists. It’s used to build databases, populate them with fresh data, and edit data already present in databases. Relational databases, which contain data arranged as tables, can be queried using SQL by developers. Among the most popular choices are MySQL and Microsoft SQL Server.

Additionally, you’ll need to be familiar with using NoSQL databases. These databases don’t use tables, columns, and rows to organise their data. Instead, these databases are simple, adaptable, and nimble. They’re a fantastic solution for a company that deals with enormous amounts of data that can’t be structured well in a traditional table.

Gaining knowledge of SQL and NoSQL databases can increase your future employment flexibility. Since every firm has a unique set of requirements, being able to work with a variety of database types will be useful to you in the future.

Employers seek developers with strong data analysis skills because without Analysis, data is meaningless. You can get started by consulting our guide to data analytics.

7. Architecture and Design Fundamentals for Websites

Everything we’ve spoken about thus far has to do with how a website is technically put up. You should have a fundamental understanding of website architecture and design as a web developer.

You’ll need to think critically about your site, your users, and your objectives.Who do you hope will visit your website? From where do they originate?Do you want them to make a purchase, complete a form, or something else entirely?Although your website shouldn’t be appealing to everyone, it should be to the users you are trying to reach.

The organisation and structure of the pages on your website are referred to as its Architecture. Among them are pages like:

  • A homepage
  • An “About” page
  • Landing pages
  • A “Contact us” page

Depending on what your site is intended to Accomplish, you will require different pages. A website for an online store, for instance, might include product categories, product pages, and product subcategories.

Consider how visitors will explore your website. Will all information be gathered on one page? Do you want visitors to your website to look around and discover more about your product or service? Make sure the architecture of your website clearly communicates its purpose and is user-friendly.

Design is also another crucial factor. You’ll be in charge of a website’s look and feel as a web designer. The typefaces, colors, and images used on your site all contribute to its appearance. Layout describes the way that the data is organised and categorized on each page. This is your time to express your creative side.

A wider range of design principles are used in effective web design. Consider:


When it comes to color, you have a lot of options, and color can sell your site’s narrative from a user’s first impression. For instance, a blog about nature could choose to utilize earthy shades of green, brown, and grey. It may be helpful to have a rudimentary understanding of color theory.


You have a tonne of font options to choose from, and just as with colour, they can say a lot about your website. Choosing the right font is important since different fonts convey different messages. For further information, see Google’s guide to selecting web fonts.


The architecture of your website should be organised visually. Which concepts should users see, and in what order should they perceive them? Most internet readers follow an F- or Z-shaped pattern when reading content. Setting up your pages might be made easier if you comprehend how users interact with the web.

Visit some of your favorite websites as a way to start thinking about design. Note the hues, fonts, and layouts that they employ. How do the weather conditions affect you? What characteristics of the business do they convey? Pay attention to the arrangement of the various elements as well as the font and color choices. This may open your eyes to new perspectives on the websites you create.

  • Define your objectives. If you don’t have a plan, diving headfirst into web development can feel intimidating. Consider what you want to learn, then schedule when you will learn it.
  • Go beyond tutorials: Practicing what you’ve learned is one of the finest ways to learn; tutorials won’t make you a developer over night. Making websites for actual businesses is essential for your learning.
  • Attend a class or bootcamp: A lot has to be learned about web development. Enrolling in a web development-focused coding bootcamp will help you organise your learning across a compressed time frame so you can start creating websites right away.
  • Continually learn: Web best practices also change frequently because the web is always evolving. You should always adopt a learning mentality since something you learn today might not be considered conventional in five years.
  • Create a portfolio: When you start your job hunt, having a portfolio will offer you something to show potential companies. Keep an eye on your projects and make them public.

Read More: What is Back End Development

More to Read: What is Front End Development

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Ryan Foster
With a background in cybersecurity, Ryan Foster is a tech enthusiast based in Austin. His articles focus on digital security, privacy concerns, and the ever-present challenges in the cyber landscape.

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